The rapid transitions experienced in various areas (countries) in Asia brought about broad changes including income, labour, nutrition, and health of the people. In several instances, initial changes caused by policy implementation resulted in unexpected effects related with health and local environment. Changes in chemical burden to the people and local communities were remarkable, and different portion of a single community were affected differentially. Increasing risks for chronic diseases were observed in many communities, and the increase might not be homogenous even within a community. Understanding the effects of any changes would require not only spatially- oriented analyses but also analyses based on the attributes of the people/population.