Results/Conclusions The Aleut have helped to shape the terrestrial landscape and nearshore ecology for the last 4,500 years. Conversely, ocean and atmospheric climate have influenced population size, village location, house size, resource consumption and sociopolitical trajectories. Stable isotope data combined with zooarchaeological findings have formed a picture of Aleuts as both agents of top-down change and reactors to bottom-up processes. Humans, climate, and ecosystems in the northeast Pacific continue to influence one another in the present day. From crashes in cod fisheries in the 1920s to more recent concerns in crab fisheries leading to rationalization, combined with ongoing volatility of salmon returns, human populations on Sanak Island and the nearby Alaska Peninsula have increased, decreased, or migrated to more favorable locales. The fate of modern communities continues to rest on the fates of the local fisheries.