Agroforestry systems have been shown to increase farm resilience to climate variability by buffering crops from the effects of temperature and precipitation variability as well as strong winds associated with storms. The buffering effect leads to greater production stability for farmers, and the increased crop variety within the agroforestry systems allows for a greater diversity in food items produced. There are other naturally occurring co-benefits that occur in agroforestry systems including enhanced nutrient cycling, integrated pest management, and increased resistance to diseases, which will additionally protect farm production. Farmers may be able to take advantage of agroforestry systems for greenhouse gas mitigation as well by selling carbon credits from carbon sequestered within tree plant mass and soil organic matter. For these reasons, agroforestry systems may prove to be both an economically feasible adaptation strategy for smallholder farmers vulnerable to climate change as well as a profitable greenhouse gas mitigation opportunity. The optimization of agroforestry systems in smallholder communities can maximize biodiversity, climate change resilience, and on-farm profitability to create win-win situations under climate change.