OOS 7
Synergies for Food Production, Conservation and Rural Development in a Changing Climate

Monday, August 10, 2015: 1:30 PM-5:00 PM
328, Baltimore Convention Center
Organizer:
Meredith T. Niles
Co-organizer:
Rachael Garrett
Moderator:
Rachael Garrett
The challenge of sustainably meeting growing global food demand is complicated by the need to foster economic development in regions of extreme rural poverty and the fact that sometimes the cheapest ways to increase agricultural production are to intensify input usage or clear forest for new cropland and pasture. While challenging, it is possible to integrate food production, ecology, and development efforts in a way that enables viable rural livelihoods without compromising natural resources and ecosystem services. Nevertheless, changing climatic conditions present both new challenges and potential opportunities for sustainable food production. Agriculture is both a contributor to the greenhouse gas emissions that are driving climate change and a potential victim to its impacts. Many strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions may also help farmers adapt to likely impacts and also provide additional co-benefits for agro-ecosystems. As well, climate change may threaten the ways in which markets, socio-economic systems, trade, and social institutions operate, which can have feedback into the agro-ecological context. In this session we will explore a diversity of projects from around the world demonstrating the tradeoffs and synergies for food production, conservation and rural development in a changing climate. In many cases these are win-win opportunities where rural livelihoods can benefit from agro-ecological management practices or payment for ecosystem services that continues food production and increases rural livelihoods. Yet, there are also challenges in scaling-up adaptation and mitigation strategies in the context of national policy and market forces that prioritize ecological harmful practices and short-term production gains over long-term sustainability. We will describe empirically many examples of both success and challenges in this context and provide a series of lessons learned and recommendations for future research as the need for sustainable food production continues.
1:30 PM
 Climate-smart agriculture: Propoganda or paradigm shift for research in development
Todd S. Rosenstock, World Agroforestry Centre; Christine Lamanna, World Agroforestry Centre; Katherine Tully, University of Maryland; Caitlin Corner-Dolloff, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); Evan H. Girvetz, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
2:10 PM
 Sustainability considerations for geographically restricted livelihoods
Erick de la Barrera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Cristobal M. Marquez-Prado, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
2:30 PM
 Integrated crop pollination: Investigating management approaches for resilience
Kelly Garbach, Institute of Environmental Sustainability, Loyola University Chicago
2:50 PM
 Diversity, resilience, and abundance in Hawaiian agricultural systems
Noa Lincoln, University of Canterbury, University of Hawaii
3:10 PM
4:00 PM
 Finding common ground: Bringing together ecosystem services, agricultural productivity and smallholder livelihoods in landscape planning
Becky Chaplin-Kramer, Stanford University; Evan H. Girvetz, International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); Adrian L. Vogl, Natural Capital Project, Stanford University; Benjamin P. Bryant, Natural Capital Project, Stanford University; Ginger Kowal, Natural Capital Project, Stanford University
4:20 PM
 Can sustainability standards promote win-win opportunities? An exploration of the potential outcomes of large-scale compliance with Bonsucro sustainability standards
William K. Smith, Luc Hoffmann Institute; Justin A. Johnson, University of Minnesota; Taro Mieno, Luc Hoffmann Institute; Erik J. Nelson, Bowdoin College; Paul C. West, University of Minnesota; James S. Gerber, University of Minnesota; Steve Polasky, University of Minnesota; Stefan Siebert, University of Bonn; Eric F. Lambin, Stanford University; Kimberly M. Carlson, University of Minnesota; Kate A. Brauman, University of Minnesota; Margaret Arbuthnot, WWF US; Derric N. Pennington, WWF US
4:40 PM Cancelled
 Closing yield gap: The role of investments in land quality improvement
Taro Mieno, Institute on the Environment; Erik J. Nelson, Bowdoin College; W. Kolby Smith, Luc Hoffmann Institute; Derric N. Pennington, WWF US; James S. Gerber, University of Minnesota; Paul C. West, University of Minnesota; Steve Polasky, University of Minnesota; Justin A. Johnson, University of Minnesota; Kate A. Brauman, University of Minnesota; Kimberly M. Carlson, University of Minnesota; Stefen Siebert, University of Bonn; Eric F. Lambin, Stanford University; Margaret Arbuthnot, WWF US