SYMP 15 - Urban Ecology: A Socio-Ecological Insight from Tropical Regions and Latin America

Wednesday, August 10, 2016: 1:30 PM-5:00 PM
Grand Floridian Blrm D, Ft Lauderdale Convention Center
Adriana Herrera-Montes, University of Puerto Rico-Río Piedras
Elvia Melendez-Ackerman, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras
Adriana Herrera-Montes, University of Puerto Rico-Río Piedras
Urbanization is the dominant trend of land transformation around the world (Pickett et al. 2010) and involves one of the most extreme forms of land-use alteration (Miller and Hobbs 2002). Urban areas globally cover only 4% of terrestrial surface, but they keep 54% of human population (UN 2014). Urban population growth is occurring more rapidly in less developed regions, mostly located in tropical areas and Latin America. These regions host some of the world’s most biodiversity-rich ecosystems, including several biodiversity hotspots (Pauchard and Barbosa 2013). Although the interest in studying urban systems has increased recently (McKinney 2008; Kowarik 2011; Scheffers and Paszkowski 2012), baseline knowledge is limited in many areas. If the emergence of novel systems in the city represent adaptive responses to the social and ecological conditions in the city (Muñoz-Erickson et al. 2014), the integrated research and understanding of urban ecosystems and their dynamics from a multidisciplinary/social-ecological perspective is critical. Within that context, urban ecosystems constitute an open frontier for ecological research and the new knowledge may help improve overall decision-making for environmental planning, rehabilitation in urban areas, conservation goals in general, and to the development and management of sustainable cities around the world. Given the growing ecological and social importance of urban areas and the fact that cities in tropical regions and in Latin America are expected to continue to expand, there is an urgent need to understand how biodiversity, ecosystem services, and resilience capacity, interplay in and around their cities (Pauchard and Barbosa 2013). This symposium provides a multidisciplinary vision including the social-ecological perspective of current trends, research lines, and advances of urban ecology in tropical regions and Latin America. It offers an opportunity to develop a broader perspective of urban ecology by presenting what the scientific community is addressing on this area in tropical regions and Latin America and how their findings contribute to the understanding of urban socio-ecological systems and the future of urban ecology as discipline.
1:30 PM
 Ecological and adaptive shifts in urban Anolis lizards in Puerto Rico
Kristin Winchell, University of Massachusetts Boston; Elizabeth Carlen, Fordham University; Alberto Puente-Rolón, Universidad Interamericana en Arecibo; Liam Revell, University of Massachusetts Boston
3:00 PM
3:10 PM
 Urban loss of biological and cultural diversity: The role of parks on avian populations and public knowledge of birds in an urban context of Santiago, Chile
Juan L. Celis-Diez, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Tahia Rannou, Universidad de Chile; Sebastian R Abades, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile e Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB); Fernando D. Alfaro, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile e Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB); Pablo A. Marquet, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile; Juan J. Armesto, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile e Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB)
3:40 PM
 A social-ecological framework for understanding the ecological and human well-being outcomes of sewage treatment alternatives
Daniele Spirandelli, University of Hawaii at Manoa; Kirsten Oleson, University of Hawaii at Manoa
4:10 PM
 Plant biodiversity in neotropical cities: Are they any different from temperate ones?
Elvia Melendez-Ackerman, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras; Ariel E. Lugo, USDA Forest Service; Gisel Reyes, International institute for Tropical Forestry
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