Results/Conclusions: The magnitude and direction of deer browse effects on soil N mineralization and CO2 respiration differed significantly across a soil N gradient. ΔN min and ΔN turnover values increased with soil N availability (p < 0.001, R2=0.80 and R2=0.70 respectively). This means that deer browsing decreased N cycling only at sites where N mineralization was high in the absence of deer. At sites with low N mineralization, however, no differences in N cycling were detected between soils from inside and outside deer exclosures. CO2 respiration also decreased in the presence of deer (p=0.04, R2=0.074), again only at sites with high N mineralization. Importantly, these differences in impacts could also depend on browsing intensity. Preliminary surveys showed that N mineralization rates correlate negatively with browse intensity (p=0.029, R2=0.26). Together, these results suggest that forms of N become more resistant to microbial breakdown in the presence of deer, at sites with high N mineralization. We predict that this decrease in N turnover is mediated by a change in litter quality, not quantity. Therefore, an exploration of the chemical landscape of plant communities, inside and outside deer exclosures, is necessary to better predict deer browsing effects on temperate forest soils across nutrient gradients.