OOS 11 - Ecoclimate Teleconnections: Global Connectivity Between Ecosystems with Consequences for Biodiversity, Material Cycling, and Ecosystem Services in a Changing World

Tuesday, August 8, 2017: 8:00 AM-11:30 AM
Portland Blrm 258, Oregon Convention Center
Abigail L. S. Swann, University of Washington
Scott C. Stark, Michigan State University; and David D. Breshears, University of Arizona
David D. Breshears, University of Arizona
The need to predict ecological change in an era of major disruptions in both land cover and climate has revealed the inadequacy of contemporary ecology to address this challenge. Although we are increasingly improving our understanding of the diverse and disparate ecological consequences of large-scale ocean energy anomalies associated with sea surface temperatures, such as those of El Niño Southern Oscillation, our understanding of how energy anomalies from land surface change in one region influence another region is in its infancy. Modeling studies are revealing tantalizing suggestions that vegetation-atmosphere feedbacks, such as those created through large-scale alterations in tree cover, link the fates of forests across immense scales—regions to even continents. Unraveling these intra- and inter-continental scale connectivities in an ecological context—the emerging frontier of ecoclimate teleconnections—requires understanding a full spectrum of connectivity: “How do changes in vegetation in one region influence climate in that same region?”; “When, where, and specifically how are such climate influences teleconnected via atmospheric circulation to other regions?”; and “What are the resultant ecological consequences in disparate impacted regions?”  This session will cover a broad range of topics addressing key components of ecoclimate teleconnections outlined by the three questions above and other related types of large-scale connectivity. The consequences of ecoclimate teleconnections could be profound, potentially impacting primary productivity, ecohydrology, biogeochemistry, and biodiversity in disparate regions. As we attempt globally-coordinated carbon management for the first time (post COP21 Paris), understanding ecoclimate teleconnections is not simply of academic interest but rather of paramount importance.
8:00 AM
 Ecosystem-climate interactions and ecoclimate teleconnections
Abigail L. S. Swann, University of Washington; David D. Breshears, University of Arizona; Scott C. Stark, Michigan State University; Scott R. Saleska, University of Arizona
8:20 AM
 Synergistic ecoclimate teleconnections from forest loss in different regions structure continental ecological responses
Elizabeth S. Garcia, University of Washington; Abigail L. S. Swann, University of Washington
8:40 AM
 Human-caused warming, natural climate variability, and forest fire in the western United States
A. Park Williams, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Colombia University
9:00 AM
 Critical links between the land surface and atmosphere: Taking the temperature of forest canopies
Christopher J. Still, Oregon State University; Youngil Kim, Oregon State University; Beverly E. Law, Oregon State University; Chad V. Hanson, Oregon State University; Hyojung Kwon, Oregon State University; Mark Schulze, HJ Andrews Experimental Forest; Matteo Detto, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute; Stephanie Pau, Florida State University
9:20 AM
 Does Amazon forest leaf phenology mediate transpiration seasonality and hence, ecoclimate teleconnections?
Scott R. Saleska, University of Arizona; Loren P. Albert, University of Arizona; Rong Fu, University of California, Los Angeles; Jin Wu, University of Arizona; Neill Prohaska, University of Arizona; Marielle N. Smith, University of Arizona; Valeriy Ivanov, University of Michigan; Plinio B. Camargo, University of Sao Paulo; Raimundo C. Oliveira, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA); Natalia restrepo-Coupe, University of Arizona; Rick Wehr, University Of Arizona; Travis E. Huxman, University of California, Irvine
9:40 AM
9:50 AM
 Multi-scale forest cover effects on ecohydrologic function: South American examples of forest regulation
Juan Camilo Villegas, Universidad de Antioquia; Juan F. Salazar, Universidad de Antioquia; Paola A. Arias, Universidad de Antioquia; Ruben D. Molina, Universidad de Antioquia; Daniel A. Mercado-Bettin, Universidad de Antioquia; Nathalia M. Correa, Universidad de Antioquia; Juan D. León, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín; Diego Suescun, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín; Vanessa Garcia-Leoz, Universidad de Antioquia; Claudia P. Flórez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia - Sede Medellín
10:10 AM
 Untangling eco-climate teleconnections in southern South America
Francina Dominguez, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign; Zhao Yang, University of Illinois
10:30 AM
 Forest response to rising CO2 drives zonally asymmetric rainfall change over tropical continents
Gabriel J. Kooperman, University of California, Irvine; Yang Chen, University of California, Irvine; Forrest M. Hoffman, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Charles D. Koven, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab; Keith Lindsay, National Center for Atmospheric Research; Michael S. Pritchard, University of California, Irvine; Abigail L. S. Swann, University of Washington; James T. Randerson, University of California, Irvine
10:50 AM
 Approaches to understand how ecoclimate teleconnections create coupling in ecosystem services across space
Laura Lopez-Hoffman, University of Arizona; David D. Breshears, University of Arizona; Abigail L. S. Swann, University of Washington; Darius J. Semmens, United States Geological Survey; Jay E. Diffendorfer, United States Geological Survey