Tuesday, August 7, 2007: 1:30 PM-5:00 PM
Blrm Salon IV, San Jose Marriott
OOS 20 - Ecoagriculture: Restoring wild biodiversity, livelihoods, and ecosystem processes in agricultural landscapes
Globally, 852 million people, mainly in developing countries are still chronically or acutely malnourished. At the same time, we witness continuing loss of habitat and species extinctions in the wake of agricultural development and expansion. The first of eight Millennium Development Goals is “eradicate extreme hunger and poverty”, whereas goal number seven is to “ensure environmental sustainability”. These MDG’s will not be reached without securing the ability of the rural poor to feed their families and supply growing markets while also protecting the biodiversity and ecosystem services that sustain their livelihoods. Ecologists have a distinct role to play in the alleviation of global hunger, restoration of ecosystems functions and processes, and conservation of biodiversity by working in the agricultural landscape. At the 2006 ESA meeting in Memphis, participants in an organized oral session on the “role of ecology in poverty alleviation” discussed the use of ecology in alleviating poverty and ensuring environmental sustainability. This session made clear that ecologists are needed to “paint the big picture.” The tradition of elucidating complex systems and relationships and working across scales and disciplines enables ecologists to guide management so as to build on synergies between rural livelihoods, environmental sustainability, and food security. In this session, we will focus on these three objectives and on how they can be attained use the conceptual framework developed by the EcoAgriculture Partnership. Ecoagriculture provides a framework for landscape management and restoration that enables an integrated approach – putting food security at the heart of conservation, and conservation at the heart of food security. Much of the ecological knowledge needed to address the challenges of hunger alleviation is already available; we must focus on information needs and exchanges necessary to apply knowledge in the appropriate social and ecological contexts.

This session will (1) present the EcoAgriculture framework, focusing on ecology’s contribution to landscape management of agroecosystems, (2) present a framework for measuring landscape performance within agroecosystems (3) offer case studies where the ecoagricultural framework has been implemented and lessons learned from these studies, and (4) discuss the challenges and opportunities that arise from using the ecoagriculture framework for restoration of ecosystem processes and functions (including productivity) of agricultural landscapes.

Organizer:Fabrice DeClerck, CATIE
Moderator:Fabrice DeClerck, CATIE
1:30 PMA biodiversity perspective on agricultural sustainablility: Toward a new paradigm of "Ecoagriculture" landscapes
Sara Scherr, Ecoagriculture Partners, Jeffrey McNeely, World Conservation Union, IUCN
1:50 PMHow could agroecosystems contribute to conservation in Mesoamerican landscapes? Results from a survey of local experts
Helda Morales, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Lorena Soto-Pinto, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Stacy M. Philpott, University of Toledo, Cagan H. Sekercioglu, Stanford University, Miguel A. Altieri, University of California
2:10 PMPatterns of tree cover and animal diversity within pasture-dominated landscapes of Mesoamerica: Managing the matrix to meet the dual goals of conservation and food security
Celia Harvey, CATIE, Fabrice De Clerck, CATIE, Deigo Tobar, CATIE, Fergus L. Sinclair, University of Wales, Bangor
2:30 PMThe conversion of rustic coffee farms to the production of a native non-timber forest product: Ecological place holder and livelihood-diversification strategy in southeastern Mexico
Skya Murphy, University of Florida, David Bray, Florida International University
2:50 PMEvaluating wildlife and shade tree communities in cacao agricultural landscapes of Cameroon
Thomas V. Dietsch, University of California, Los Angeles, Denis Sonwa, Sustainable Tree Crops Program, Tom Smith, University of California, Los Angeles, Stephan Weise, Sustainable Tree Crops Program
3:10 PMBreak
3:20 PMBeyond participatory research: CANDO (Client Agroecological Niche and Development Oriented) experiences in Malawi
Sieglinde Snapp, Michigan State University, Anne Ferguson, Michigan State University, George Kanyama-Phiri, University of Malawi
3:40 PMLate-maturing hay, forage quality, and grassland birds: Conservation you can chew on
Sean LeMoine, Acadia University, Soren Bondrup-Nielsen, Acadia University, Kenna MacKenzie, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Glen Parsons, Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources
4:00 PMAn agroecological approach to increased conservation and production on Midwestern grazing farms
Julie E. Doll, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Randall D. Jackson, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Ellen E. Hamingson, National Park Service
4:20 PMRiver floodplain polyculture: Exploiting flooding as an engine of biodiversity in the Tisza River Basin
Jan Sendzimir, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Zsuzsana Flachner, Hungarian Academy of Sciences
4:40 PMReview and synthesis of effects of USDA conservation practices on agricultural wetlands
Mindy Destro, ESA, Cliff Duke, ESA, S. Diane Eckles, USDA, NRCS

See more of Organized Oral Session

See more of The ESA/SER Joint Meeting (August 5 -- August 10, 2007)