Results/Conclusions . All plots contained high densities (85%) of cool-season grasses, legumes, and other broadleaf herbs. Black locust trees growing to 15-20' tall were found in 75% of the plots. Plots also included non-native trees introduced during community planting projects in the past five years. No native tree species typical of regional mature forests were noted in any of the plots, however, even as juveniles under black locust canopy. Nor was any evidence of colonization by natives seen at the edge of the mine adjoining the intact forest. These results suggest that even though the site is shifting from meadow to forest, it does not appear to be on a trajectory leading to a species composition typical of regional forests. Thus, introduction of such species may be needed, following a Forest Reclamation Approach (FRA).