OOS 17 - Contribution of Observing Systems and Analyses to Continental Scale Ecology

Tuesday, August 9, 2011: 1:30 PM-5:00 PM
12A, Austin Convention Center
Organizer: Kathryn Docherty
Co-organizer: Brian Wee
Moderator: Brian Wee
Changing climate, land use change, and invasive species will cause significant impacts to ecosystem structure and function. In order to prepare for these changes, society needs ecological analyses and forecasts at national, regional, and global scales. A wide range of biotic and physical processes link the biosphere to the geosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere. Despite this link, our understanding of the biosphere does not match our increasingly sophisticated understanding of Earth’s physical and chemical dynamics at regional, continental, and global scales. Because many Earth-system processes occur at large scales, they cannot be investigated with disconnected studies on individual sites or over short periods of observation. This session aims to explore continental scale questions in ecology including the impact of connectivity (local patterns and processes affecting broad-scale ecological dynamics) on the global environment, ecosystem-level causes and consequences of invasive species and infectious diseases, ecological consequences of local land use changes at regional and continental scales, and climate change affects on ecosystem processes and biodiversity. The session will encompass a broad range of topics from micro-organisms to ecosystems and from the post-glacial past to the future under climate change. This session aims to demonstrate a wide range of continental scale studies in ecology in both North America and Australia and to illustrate how new observatory systems (e.g. NEON and TERN) will contribute to long-term regional studies in ecology.
1:50 PM
Australia's TERN: Development a Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network, Building on Past Knowledge to Generate New Understanding
Stuart Phinn, The University of Queensland; Alison Specht, The University of Queensland; Andrew Lowe, The University of Adelaide; Mike Liddell, James Cook University; David Lindenmayer, Australian National University; Peter Grace, Queensland University of Technology; Alex Held, CSIRO; Helen Cleugh, CSIRO; Andy Steven, CSIRO; Mike Grundy, CSIRO; I. Colin Prentice, Imperial College; Craig Walker, The University of Adelaide
2:10 PM
The NEON Airborne Observation Platform: A Tool for Scaling from Organismal to Continental Scales
Brian Johnson, Florida Atlantic University; Michele Kuester, NEON Inc.; David J.P. Moore, University of Arizona
2:30 PM
The Need for a Long-Term Agro-Ecosystems Research (LTAR) Network: Using Long-Term USDA Experimental Sites as Basis for Continental Scale Agro-Eco-Hydrology
David C. Goodrich, USDA-ARS-SWRC; Danny Marks, USDA ARS Northwest Watershed Research Center; Mark R. Walbridge, USDA-ARS Office of National Programs; M. Susan Moran, USDA, ARS; Debra P. C. Peters, USDA Agricultural Research Service; Mitchel P. McClaran, University of Arizona; Mary H. Nichols, USDA-ARS-SWRC; Mary B. Adams, USDA FS Timber and Watershed Laboratory
2:50 PM
Putting Climate Change in Context: What Is the Signal of Vegetation Change Over the Last 2000 Years?
Jason McLachlan, University of Notre Dame; Christopher J. Paciorek, University of California, Berkeley; Mike Dietze, University of Illinois; David R. Foster, Harvard University; Stephen T. Jackson, U.S. Geological Survey; Jack W. Williams, University of Wisconsin-Madison
3:10 PM
3:20 PM
North American Soil Metagenomes Cluster by Ecosystem Type and Edaphic Factors
Dionysios A. Antonopoulos, Argonne National Laboratory
4:00 PM
Tracking climate change using Nature’s Notebook
Theresa M. Crimmins, USA National Phenology Network; Ellen G. Denny, USA National Phenology Network; Carolyn A.F. Enquist, US Geological Survey; R. Lee Marsh, USA National Phenology Network; Alyssa Rosemartin, USA National Phenology Network; Jake F. Weltzin, US Geological Survey
4:20 PM
Global change response in European birds: Trait-environment interactions link short-term dynamics with long-term trends
Peter Søgaard Jørgensen, University of Copenhagen; Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F); Kasper Thorup, University of Copenhagen; Anders P. Tøttrup, University of Copenhagen; Carsten Rahbek, University of Copenhagen
4:40 PM
From gigapixel timelapse cameras to unmanned aerial vehicles to smartphones: a review of emerging near remote sensing technologies for scaling from organism to ecosystem
Timothy Brown, Australian National University; Justin Borevitz, University of Chicago; Kevin R. Hultine, Desert Botanical Garden; Pamela L. Nagler, U.S. Geological Survey
See more of: Organized Oral Session
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