OOS 18
Enhancing Urban Sustainability: Social and Ecological Dimensions

Tuesday, August 12, 2014: 1:30 PM-5:00 PM
307, Sacramento Convention Center
Jennifer M. Fraterrigo
Bethany B. Cutts
Jennifer M. Fraterrigo
Despite their relatively small footprint on the earth, urban ecosystems exert a large influence on the global terrestrial biosphere and forecasts of urban expansion over the next two decades suggest that the impact of urbanization on natural resources will intensify. Urban land cover is expected to increase by 1.2 million km2, almost tripling global urban land area circa 2000, and potentially leading to a major loss in terrestrial C storage and increased demand for water and other natural resources. Given the current and projected expansion of urban ecosystems, there is a pressing need to enhance urban sustainability through the implementation of policies that mitigate urban resource demand. Municipal governments have also signaled an enhanced level of readiness to implement strategies that can increase urban sustainability. For example, new initiatives target reduced greenhouse gas emissions and increased carbon sequestration in residential landscapes through the planting of woody and perennial species, mulching of grass clippings, and regulation of fertilization rates. However, there are several potential social and ecological barriers to the design, adoption and implementation of such sustainability initiatives. Incompatibilities may exist between the desired change and household-, neighborhood- and municipal-level influences currently in place, leading to social resistance that may slow or block the adoption of new initiatives aimed at enhancing urban sustainability. Trade-offs among ecosystem services may reduce the mitigating effects of new policies. Social and ecological factors may also interact to influence the outcome of proposed changes. Although there is increasing recognition of these challenges, the social and ecological dimensions of urban sustainability remain poorly understood and there is a need for more communication between social scientists and ecologists to develop integrated frameworks for improving urban sustainability. We will organize a session that focuses on the social and ecological dimensions of urban ecosystems that influence sustainability. The objectives of the organized session will be to share on-going research in urban ecology and sustainability science to (1) inform approaches for quantifying the influence of social and ecological processes on natural resource demand in urban ecosystems, (2) expand understanding of the trade-offs among carbon storage and other essential urban ecosystem services, and (3) identify profitable directions for future research.
1:30 PM
 Moving from the ecology of cities to ecology for cities: Integrating urban ecology, design, and decision-making for urban sustainability
Daniel L. Childers, Arizona State University; Steward T.A. Pickett, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies; Melissa J. Davidson, Arizona State University
1:50 PM
 The storage and dynamics of urban soil carbon
Richard V. Pouyat, United States Forest Service; Ian D. Yesilonis, USDA Forest Service
2:10 PM
 Reduce, redirect, or recycle? Quantifying opportunities to increase household nutrient sustainability
Daniel A. Nidzgorski, University of Minnesota; Sarah E. Hobbie, University of Minnesota; Lawrence A. Baker, University of Minnesota; Cinzia Fissore, Whittier College; Jennifer Y. King, University of California, Santa Barbara; Joseph P. McFadden, University of California, Santa Barbara; Kristen C. Nelson, University of Minnesota
2:30 PM
 Working dirt: Community based research on lead, gardens, and place
Kirsten Schwarz, Northern Kentucky University; Bethany B. Cutts, University of Illinois; Jonathan K. London, University of California, Davis; Mary L. Cadenasso, University of California, Davis
2:50 PM
 Which produces less-impacting patterns of urban growth, targeted or general public policies?
James H. Thorne, University of California, Davis; Maria J. Santos, Stanford University; Jacquelyn Bjorkman, University of California, Davis; Oliver Soong, University of California Santa Barbara; Lee Hannah, University of California, Santa Barbara
3:10 PM
3:20 PM
 The environment in economic crisis: Advancing urban sustainability in an era of socio-economic disruption
Bethany B. Cutts, University of Illinois; Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Jonathan Greenberg, University of Illinois
4:00 PM
 Quantifying foreclosure effects on land cover using remotely sensed data
Jonathan Greenberg, University of Illinois; Bethany B. Cutts, University of Illinois; Jennifer M. Fraterrigo, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Joseph Miller, Committee on Institutional Cooperation
4:20 PM
 Modeling social and ecological processes and carbon outcomes in exurban landscapes
Daniel G. Brown, University of Michigan; William S. Currie, University of Michigan; Sarah Kiger, University of Michigan; Joan Iverson Nassauer, University of Michigan; Scott E. Page, University of Michigan; Dawn C. Parker, University of Waterloo; Rick Riolo, University of Michigan; Derek Robinson, University of Waterloo; Shipeng Sun, University of Minnesota
4:40 PM