Island Biogeography, from the Oceans to the Sky: Recent Advances and an Emerging Synthesis

Thursday, August 14, 2014: 8:00 AM-11:30 AM
Tofanell, Sheraton Hotel
Jacquelyn L. Gill
Alejandro Ordonez
Jacquelyn L. Gill
Islands have long been recognized as important model systems, as natural experiments with discrete boundaries, replication, and simplified environmental contexts. In 1963, Robert MacArthur and Edward O. Wilson published An Equilibrium Theory of Insular Zoogeography, which integrated theoretical principles from ecology, evolution, and geography to explain species-isolation and species-area relationships in islands. MacArthur and Wilson’s theory of island biogeography represented a fundamental shift in ecology from static to dynamic system thinking, and is arguably the most influential mechanistic theory to explain the processes driving species richness. Since its inception, island biogeography theory has been applied beyond oceanic systems, including lakes, natural patches within anthropogenic landscapes, mountaintop “sky islands” and even to the human microbiome. Island biogeography also played a critical role in the development of Hubbell’s neutral theory, as well as in conservation biology, particularly with regard to reserve design and habitat corridors. More recently, advances in this field have expanded the explanatory power of island biogeography beyond biological diversity patterns, aiming to explain trends in functional diversity and pattern of biotic interactions networks. Furthermore, its application have gone beyond the ecological realm, and island biogeography theory has recently been applied to explain patterns of cultural and language richness.
8:00 AM
 History of island biogeography, new directions, and the emerging unifying theory
Michael Krabbe Borregaard, University of Oxford; Robert Whittaker, Oxford University
8:30 AM
 Estimating parameters relevant to island biogeography: A new quantitative framework incorporating phylogeny, island ontogeny and diversity-(in)dependence
Rampal S. Etienne, University of Groningen; Albert B. Phillimore, University of Edinburgh; Luis Valente, University of Potsdam
9:00 AM
 Origins, maintenance, and loss of biodiversity in marine lakes
Michael N. Dawson, University of California-Merced; Pia Atahan, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization; J. Michael Beman, University of California, Merced; Jessica L. Blois, University of California, Merced; Simon G. Haberle, Australian National University; Jere H. Lipps, The Cooper Center; Tessa McGee, University of Washington; Robert F. Myers, Seaclicks / Coral Graphics; Sharon Patris, University of California-Merced; Julian P. Sachs, University of Washington; Herwig Stibor, Europole Mer
9:30 AM
10:10 AM
 Ecology, historical extinction, and the conservation of island birds
Alison G. Boyer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
10:40 AM
 How useful is island biogeography for predicting the impacts of habitat isolation on plant communities?
Ellen I. Damschen, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Lars A. Brudvig, Michigan State University; Nick M. Haddad, North Carolina State University; John L. Orrock, University of Wisconsin - Madison; Cathy D. Collins, Colby College; Douglas J. Levey, National Science Foundation; Joshua Tewksbury, World Wide Fund for Nature
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